Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Multiracial Students - 1044 Words

Multiracial Students At first glance, freshman Angela Corbett’s room might seem a bit bewildering. On one wall sits a Black Panthers poster, on the other, a Nicaraguan flag, and glimpsing around, one might even see a stuffed leprechaun. During lunch, she might be found enjoying some soul food, or eating a meal from south of the border. Around her could also be people from various cultural backgrounds, who she has no problem calling her friends. As perplexing as it seems, this is not an example of an identity crisis, but merely a reflection of the various cultures that can lie within one individual. â€Å"I love the fact that I’m of mixed heritage,† Corbett said. â€Å"I feel like I can relate to so many people, and not have to care about†¦show more content†¦The MOSAIC Multicultural Center exists to nurture the cultural variety that lies throughout the campus. Its colorful room on the upper level of the Student Union is filled with comfortable couches and serves as a place for students to congregate and discuss culture in an open and relaxed environment. â€Å"Most of the issues that our programs deal with touch on specific issues of diversity,† Megan Anderson, MOSAIC’s administrative support coordinator said. Although Rooks is skeptical about what constitutes true equality, he said he does agree to a certain extent that multiracials challenge constructed racial concepts in the eye of the beholder. According to Rooks, if a multiracial person can influence the mind of another person because they share a similar background, it may eventually open that person to the possibility of being more accepting to other races. â€Å"If implemented correctly, the multiracial can possess the potential to shape opinions on an individual level,† he said. Engineering major Ethan Hernandez, who is of Latino and Caucasian descent, is hard to miss when walking through campus. His red hair and dark eyes are a reflection of his mixed ethnicities. Hernandez believes his background has helped him become more accepting of other ethnicities. â€Å"Diversity breeds tolerance,† he said. â€Å"I think my background lets me see more easily through racialShow MoreRelatedMultiracial Families : Multiracial People1174 Words   |  5 PagesCompared to Single race individuals, multiracial people have a wider variety of ways to define their ethnic identity. For example, a multiracial person who has two or more races could choose to identify exclusively as one race, or identify with both groups. Another option would be to go beyond the standard individual race options and identify as â€Å"multiracial† a category that defines ethnic characteristics in terms of the shared experiences of people who are multiracial, as distinct from individu al raceRead MoreBarack Obama s Presidential Run1314 Words   |  6 Pagespinnacle of Barack Obama’s presidential run. This video, entitles Being Multiracial in America, featured a group of young, mixed-race College students elated that the United States would potentially elect a man that grew up in a blended culture comparable to their own. There was this conspicuous desire shared among these students to live in a society understanding of the intricacies of one’s racial identity. None of these students wished to identify themselves as only one of their races. They wantedRead MoreHow Interracial Marriage Affects Children2853 Words   |  12 Pagesof history of homogeneous population, interracial marriages occur. What is the interracial marriage? It means marriage between different races that is a form of exogamy. The term of interracial marriage is synonymous with interethnic marriage, multiracial marriage, multiethnic marriage, and mixed marriage. I am using the term â€Å"interracial marriage† in this research paper. In recent years, the number of interracial marriages has gone up. According to the Census Bureau’s research in 2005, about twoRead MoreThe Media As A System Of Racialization : Exploring Images Of African American Women And The New Racism2012 Words   |  9 Pagesare headed in the future. Article 48 titled â€Å"Redrawing the Color Line? The Problems and Possibilities of Multiracial Families and Group Making† by Kimberly gave me a different take on the idea that our country will no longer be divided according to grouping people based on racial and ethnical groups due to multiculturalism. Over the years, our nation is increasingly becoming more multiracial. As people are mingling with other cultures, there is significantly a huge increase in diversity. Even withRead MoreInterracial Marriages And The United States1043 Words   |  5 Pagesit comes to the institution of marriage. According to various studies, over the year’s interracial relationships has become more acceptable in society. For instance, there was a study conducted on college students at East Carolina University. It revealed that the current generation of students is very accepting of and more likely to become involved in interracial relationships (Knox). Even though it has started to become socially acceptable, interracial couples continue to face discrimination fromRead MoreShould You Be Judge For Being Born As A Multiracial And Biracial Individual?933 Words   |  4 Pages Should you be judge for being born as a multiracial and biracial individual? which background do you represent the most, if you’re White, Asian, Latino/Latina, African american. Which side would you choose? if you are a mix child, why can’t you be proud of both or even the other ethnicity background that you have? Those were the questions that I’ve had while reading through the article of Susan Saulny on the topic of being a mix child. I am Dominican and Puerto Rican with some Spaniard in as wellRead MoreThe Harmonious Multi-Racial Country1031 Words   |  5 Pagesas the integrity of the nation state . Strictly speaking, the attitude of the individual plays the most important role to maintain the harmony and prosperity of a plural society in Malaysia today. In addition, the school also has acted as a multiracial society living in our country in order to live in peace and harmony. The school must provide activities that involve community NATURE various social and ethnic groups. Next, the school also should encourage the application of the traditional dressRead MoreA Nation Imprisoned by Race: An Analysis of Interracial Relationships2517 Words   |  11 Pagesand cause complications for those expected to be in a more conventional relationship (Richeson). Other reasons include the loss of reputation and status and discrimination in the economic world. Opposers argue that dating leads to marriage and multiracial children should not be created because they are biologically inferior and will consequently face discrimination too (Barnett). Black women represent the strongest opposition to interdating, partially as a result of sexual exploitation by White menRead MoreBlack And Latino By Roberto Santiago857 Words   |  4 PagesMultiracial chi ldren are becoming more common in today’s society, many years ago multiracial children were judged for having more than one culture and feeling excluded out from others. Times have changed and according to a recent study from Pew Research Center, about 60% of mixed adults are proud of their different cultures. This statistic perfectly fits the author Roberto Santiago who wrote â€Å"Black and Latino†. On the other hand around 55% feel subjected by racial slurs from non mixed peopleRead More Colorblind Love Essay2639 Words   |  11 Pageschildren, and concerns about their children’s best interests may be impeding the spread of interracial marriages. However, as interracial marriages continue to grow, so do the number of multiracial children. I believe that my daughter’s generation will be far more accepting of interracial relations and multiracial children, in large part, because they will be so prevalent. As you may suspect, socioeconomics and housing segregation also play a major role in the paucity of interracial marriages

Friday, May 15, 2020

Definition and Discussion of Middle English

Middle English was the language spoken in England from about 1100 to 1500. Five major  dialects of Middle English have been identified (Northern, East Midlands, West Midlands, Southern, and Kentish), but the research of Angus McIntosh and others... supports the claim that this period of the language was rich in dialect diversity (Barbara A. Fennell, A History of English: A Sociolinguistic Approach, 2001). Major literary works written in Middle English include Havelok the Dane,  Sir Gawain and the Green Knight,  Piers Plowman, and  Geoffrey  Chaucers Canterbury Tales. The form of Middle English thats most familiar to modern readers is the London dialect, which was the dialect of Chaucer and the basis of what would eventually become standard English. Examples and Observations Chaucers Canterbury TalesWhan that Aprill, with his shoures sooteThe droghte of March hath perced to the rooteAnd bathed every veyne in swich licour,Of which vertu engendred is the flour...[When the sweet showers of April have piercedThe drought of March, and pierced it to the rootAnd every vein is bathed in that moistureWhose quickening force will engender the flower...](Geoffrey Chaucer, General Prologue to The Canterbury Tales, late 14th century. Translation by David Wright. Oxford University Press, 2008)Many Middle EnglishesMiddle English varied enormously over time and by region; Angus McIntosh notes that there are over a thousand dialectically differentiated varieties of Middle English. Indeed,  some scholars go so far as to say that Middle English is not... a language at all but rather something of a scholarly fiction, an amalgam of forms and sounds, writers and manuscripts, famous works and little-known ephemera. This is a little extreme, but certainly prior to the later fo urteenth century Middle English was primarily a spoken rather than a written language, and did not have official administrative functions in either a secular or religious context. This has resulted in a critical tendency to place English at the bottom of the linguistic hierarchy of medieval England, with Latin and French as the dominant languages of discourse, instead of seeing the symbiotic relationship between English, French, and Latin...By the fifteenth century Middle English was extensively used in the written documentation of business, civic government, Parliament, and the royal household.(Rachel E. Moss,  Fatherhood and Its Representations in Middle English Texts. D.S. Brewer, 2013)The Vocabulary of Middle English- In 1066, William the Conqueror led the Norman invasion of England, marking the beginning of the  Middle English  period. This invasion brought a  major influence  to English from Latin and French. As is often the case with invasions, the conquerors domina ted the major political and economic life in England. While this invasion had some influence on English grammar, the most powerful impact was on vocabulary.(Evelyn Rothstein and Andrew S. Rothstein,  English Grammar Instruction That Works!  Corwin, 2009)- The core vocabulary of [Middle] English comprised the monosyllabic words for basic concepts,  bodily functions, and body parts inherited from Old English and shared with the other Germanic languages. These words include: God,  man, tin, iron, life, death, limb, nose, ear, foot, mother, father, brother, earth, sea, horse, cow, lamb.Words from French are often polysyllabic terms for the  institutions of the Conquest (church, administration, law), for things imported with the Conquest (castles, courts, prisons), and terms of high culture and social status (cuisine, fashion, literature, art, decoration).(Seth Lerer,  Inventing English: A Portable History of the Language. Columbia University Press, 2007)French Influence on M iddle English- From 1150 to 1500 the language is known as Middle English. During this period the inflections, which had begun to break down during the end of the Old English period, become greatly reduced...By making English the language mainly of uneducated people, the Norman Conquest [in 1066] made it easier for grammatical changes to go forward unchecked.French influence is much more direct and observable upon the vocabulary. Where two languages exist side by side for a long time and the relations between the people speaking them are as intimate as they were in England, a considerable transference of words from one language to the other is inevitable...When we study the French words appearing in English before 1250, roughly 900 in number, we find that many of them were such as the lower classes would become familiar with through contact with a French-speaking nobility: (baron, noble, dame, servant, messenger, feast, minstrel, juggler, largess)... In the period after 1250,... the upper classes carried over into English an astonishing number of common French words. In changing from French to English, they transferred much of their governmental and administrative vocabulary, their ecclesiastical, legal, and military terms, their familiar words of fashion, food, and social life, the vocabulary of art, learning, and medicine.(A. C. Baugh and T. Cable, A History of the English Language. Prentice-Hall, 1978)- French continued to occupy a prestigious place in English society, especially the Central French dialect spoken in Paris. This prompted an increase in the numbers of French words borrowed, especially those relating to French society and culture. As a  consequence, English words concerned with scholarship, fashion, the arts, and food--such as college, robe, verse, beef--are often drawn from French (even if their ultimate origins lie in Latin). The higher status of French in this [late Middle English] period continues to influence the associations of pairs of synonyms in Modern English, such as begin-commence, look-regard, stench-odour. In each of these pairs, the French borrowing is of a higher register than the word inherited from Old English.(Simon Horobin,  How English Became English. Oxford University Press, 2016)A Fuzzy Boundary[T]he transition from Middle to early modern English is above all the period of the elaboration of the English language. Between the late 14th and 16th centuries, the English language began increasingly to take on more functions. These changes in function had, it is argued here, a major effect on the form of English: so major, indeed, that the old distinction between Middle and modern retains considerable validity, although the boundary between these two linguistic epochs was obviously a fuzzy one.(Jeremy J. Smith, From Middle to Early Modern English. The Oxford History of English, ed. by Lynda Mugglestone. Oxford University Press, 2006)Chaucer on Changes in the Forme of SpeecheYe knowe ek that in forme o f speeche is chaungeWithinne a thousand yeer, and wordes thoThat hadden pris, now wonder nyce and straungeUs thinketh hem, and yet thei spake hem so,And spedde as wel in love as men now do;Ek for to wynnen love in sondry ages,In sondry londes, sondry ben usages.[You know also that in (the) form of speech (there) is changeWithin a thousand years, and words thenThat had value, now wonderfully curious and strange(To) us they seem, and yet they spoke them so,And succeeded as well in love as men now do;Also to win love in sundry ages,In sundry lands, (there) are many usages.](Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde, late 14th century. Translation by Roger Lass in Phonology and Morphology. A History of the English Language, edited by Richard M. Hogg and David Denison. Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Racial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement - 2959 Words

For centuries, there have been ongoing cases of racism and discrimination against blacks in America, not only in the workplace, but also in the criminal justice system, the government, housing, and countless other establishments. One cannot describe America without slavery, the Civil Rights Movement, and other racially motivated movements. Race (and racism, unfortunately) is what makes America, America. For this essay, I will be exploring the question: Is there still a racial issue in America, predominantly, against blacks? Also, I will be exploring if stereotypes are related to racial profiling, if the media affects racism, and if racism is still present in the 21st century, in particularly, since President Barack Obama got elected as the United States first black president in 2008. This topic’s inspiration came about after reading Sojourner Truth’s speech â€Å"Ain’t I a Woman?† and after watching the famous, or at times, infamous Fox News program, Bill O’Riley. On this particular program, O’Riley and Martin Luther King III were discussing the situation in Ferguson, Missouri after the police officer that had shot and killed Michael Brown did not get charged with murder. O’Riley stated that blacks should ‘sit down’ and wear â€Å"Don’t Get Pregnant at 14† t-shirts in order for black relations/issues to get better. This topic is relevant because, as stated before, race and racism is what makes America and it is something that needs to be changed for us, as a country, to move forwardShow MoreRelatedRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement1065 Words   |  5 PagesWhen thinking about racism, it feels like it is a thing of the past, but it’s not. There are numerous people who are racist in law enforcement and that is demonstrated through racial profiling. Racial profiling still exists today and unfortunately happens frequently. In 2013, an unarmed black male, Trayvon Martin, is shot and killed by an officer. In 2014, Michael Brown, who is also a black male is shot and killed by another officer. Also, many black and Hispanic people are racially profiled andRead MoreRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement993 Words   |  4 Pagesincreasingly improved after the civil rights movement, racism still occurs today. Discrimination and racism toward Blacks was considered normal after the Civil War and before the civil rights movement. Many white people could openly abuse black people in the streets and no one would care. Racism and discrimination only happens at a mid extent today, which is not as often as a when Richard lived. Richard Wright was born after the Civil War, but before the Civil Rights Movement. If he were to write an autobiographyRead MoreRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement1239 Words   |  5 PagesGiselle Cordero PSCI 246: Social Movements Outline Topic/Question: Have Black Lives Mattered? – Racial profiling in the justice system, increased incarceration of African Americans and the idea of â€Å"White Privilege† persists in the United States. 1. Introduction Even though America is the world dominating superpower and is known to intervene on behalf of the violation of human rights internationally, it fails to acknowledge and correct the flaws its legal and justice system present against itsRead MoreRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement1439 Words   |  6 PagesJustice, racial profiling refers to the discriminatory practice by law enforcement officials of targeting individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual s race, ethnicity, religion or national origin. Any definition of racial profiling must include, in addition to racially or ethnically discriminatory acts, discriminatory omissions on the part of law enforcement as well. For example, during the eras of lynching in the South in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the civil rightsRead MoreRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement851 Words   |  4 Pagesas joblessness, racism, racial profiling, etc. This rally was in support of other nationali ties, most of which, I have no personal connection to. I arrived at Walker Mill Baptist Church feeling a bit nervous and apprehensive. There were more than one hundred persons at the church and I was quite mesmerized at the number of African Americans willing to travel to New York and stand in solidarity with other nationalities concerning freedom of religion and other human rights atrocities. However, euphoriaRead MoreRacial Profiling And The Civil Rights Movement918 Words   |  4 PagesAmerica has come a long way since the Civil Rights movement in the 60s. Prejudice, discrimination, racism, and violence have decreased since then, but it is still very present in the 21st century. There have been numerous cases from Trayvon Martin, to Eric Garner, Sandra Bland, and many more lives that were lost in these last few years. Being mindful of who they’re around and what they’re doing is something that African Americans always think about, because the last thing they wan t is to be oneRead MorePolice Brutality Of African Americans1405 Words   |  6 Pagesthe United States. The August 2014 death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri many Americans, some who are former Civil Rights activists, have spoken out against police brutality. Black Lives Matter states that the movement’s goal is to bring justice to the present unjust police killings of African Americans. Looking at prior cases of brutality and its connection to racial profiling, such as the police shooting of Ronald Stokes in 1962, has led many activists in America to connect these past issuesRead MoreMyths and Stereotypes909 Words   |  4 PagesMyth and Stereotypes: Racial Profiling Wendy Horton Kaplan University A stereotype is an exaggerated belief about a group that can be positive or negative but generalizes without allowing for differences (Louisiana Voices, 1999-2003). One example of a stereotype would be racial profiling. Racial profiling is an inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is considered more likely to commit a particular type of crime or an illegal act or to behave in a â€Å"predictable†Read MoreCivil Rights For African Americans1001 Words   |  5 PagesCivil Rights for African Americans Marciano Castillo Government 3P May 5, 2015 For centuries African Americans have been treated differently because of the color of their skin. They’ve been slaves, segregated, and discriminated, and been forced to fight for equality. Till this day African Americans are discriminated but yet have accomplished a lot from changing laws to changing the way they are viewed. The first slaves arrived in Virginia around the 1600’s and was the jumpstart to whatRead MoreThroughout history, racial profiling has become a prevalent issue within humanity. From slavery,1400 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout history, racial profiling has become a prevalent issue within humanity. From slavery, segregation, and to world wars, furthermore ongoing issues of terrorism, these examples have led to the profound effects of racial profiling. Racial Profiling can be defined as the action of law enforcers and society, which specifically targets people based on race, ethnicity, religion or national origin and not by actual behavior. Although, many people may believe that racial profiling is non-existent,

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Life Cycle Management Analysis for Apple’s Ipod free essay sample

The Apple iPod allows consumers to download music, videos, and various other entertainment items. The iPod can be seen everywhere from the gym to the local coffee shops. Even automakers have started to install iPod outlets in newer vehicles to draw a new kind of consumers to their autos. This report will provide some insight into Apple’s product objectives, marketing strategies, introduction phase, product growth, maturity stage, and decline of product in the market place. Product life cycle typically consists of five main aspects: (1) product development; (2) introduction; (3) growth; (4) maturity; and (5) decline. Various marketing objectives that will help the company achieve the overall product goal are as follows: ? Be the leading supplier of MP3 players in all markets in which Apple competes. ? Increase product sales. ? Increase company revenue. ? Increase brand awareness. ? Expand distribution to department stores. ? Develop a campaign to encourage current users to increase current use of product. Life Cycle Management – Page 3 During the introduction stage, Apple made careful choices with their marketing strategies by paying close attention to pricing, promotional and placement decisions. We will write a custom essay sample on Life Cycle Management Analysis for Apple’s Ipod or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The introduction of the iPod transformed Apple into an entertainment giant. Apple’s approach to introducing the iPod to consumers was geared more towards young adults. The iPod was introduced in October 2001, the iPod touted a quicker transfer time, it is easy to use, has a unique look, and is fashionable. The growth stage in the product life cycle will usually involve a rapid growth in sales. Consumer’s awareness of Apple’s iPod increases during the holiday season it was on just about everyone’s wish list. Since the first iPod hit the market in 2001, Apple has invested in new product features and has developed the next generation of iPods. Before the introduction of the new generation iPods, Apple decreased the price of the original iPod pre holiday season. By doing, this Apple made an iPod available to suit everyone’s budget. The maturity stage in the product life cycle usually marks the turning point for a product. Sales will decrease during this stage of the cycle. Apple has sold over 140 million iPods. The modifications that Apple continues to add to the iPod line should continue to boost the demand for this product. The introduction of the iPod touch helped to support demand for this product. The iPod touch helped reverse slowing sales. This was a positive sign for Apple in light of the product slowdown. Apple’s iPod sales have mirrored the product life cycle. Life Cycle Management – Page 4 In January 2009, Apple announced financial results for its fiscal 2009 first quarter earnings. The company posted record revenue of $10. 17 billion in profits. Sales from Apple’s iPod contributed 33% to this record earnings profit. When iPod was first launched, it was geared towards young adults ages 12 to 25. The iPod has changed and seems to be gravitating towards mainstream due to market saturation. Consumers today are media savvy and with a click of a mouse, they are able to obtain product information, and reviews be it good or bad in seconds. A few things could lead to further product decline in the market place. New competitors enter the market placed all the time and usually with a comparable product at a lower cost. There have been tough laws placed on internet downloads for MP3 players like the iPod, these laws have had an effect on iPod + iTunes. Another factor is today’s economy, consumers are watching their money, they are comparison shopping and Apple’s iPod high price could be the deciding factor on their purchase. Apple has created a popular product, as well as a strong product awareness marketing strategy, which gives them the advantage over competitors. The company has been successful thus far with branding strategies, marketing, and product development. Apple will need to continue to using the right media outlets with current and new products. Life Cycle Management – Page 5 To help decrease product decline Apple will need to readjust some of their marketing strategies to meet the budget minded consumers in today’s economy. As well, as continue to improve public relations and image. The company will also need to gain and keep the competitive edge by continuing to create new innovative features, which will differentiate the iPod from the competitor’s product. For example if Apple were to create a cordless earpiece for the iPod line using new technology, they would be opening up a completely new market. Overall, Apple’s iPod has become a must have and a mainstay to many consumers. As long as the company is able to continue to stay on top of the competitive market, the iPod will be around for a while.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Free Essays on Seeds Of Nationalism In Colonial Dutch East Indies

I’d like to start this paper by saying that I loved This Earth of Mankind, both for the story line and for the history lessons it contained. I now own the rest of the quartet and am half way through Child of All Nation. This Earth of Mankind addressed the struggle between the Javan native with oppressive colonial rule as well as the search for a new national identity by educated Javans. I thought that Pramoedya was successful in presenting the interrelated themes of social, cultural, and political life in the Dutch East Indies. He described the struggles of two different types of Native Javanese. Minke’s struggle was against himself and integration into, and identification with colonial civilization. Nyai’s struggle the brutalizing effects of Western civilization in her life. In the story the two struggles come together and both Minke and Nyai challenge the inhumanity of colonial justice. The introduction of modernity was having a profound effect in the Dutch East Indies at the time of Minke’s story. This modernity manifested itself through advanced learning, science, and technological advances. Minke considered his opportunity to experience modern learning and science a blessing whose beauty was beyond description. He was the only Native in the Dutch High School (H.B.S.) in Surabaya. Minke’s life was put on a path other than those of his fellow natives through this science and learning he had been taught at school. He knew that this made him different from his own people, the Javanese. Minke marveled at the wonders of science that he saw in his life all around him. He was particularly amazed at the development of printing, especially zincography. For the first time in history, someone like Minke could experience the rest of the world simply through looking at a photograph. On Java, trains had been introduced ten years before, but still his countrymen marveled. At the time of the story, a railroad networ... Free Essays on Seeds Of Nationalism In Colonial Dutch East Indies Free Essays on Seeds Of Nationalism In Colonial Dutch East Indies I’d like to start this paper by saying that I loved This Earth of Mankind, both for the story line and for the history lessons it contained. I now own the rest of the quartet and am half way through Child of All Nation. This Earth of Mankind addressed the struggle between the Javan native with oppressive colonial rule as well as the search for a new national identity by educated Javans. I thought that Pramoedya was successful in presenting the interrelated themes of social, cultural, and political life in the Dutch East Indies. He described the struggles of two different types of Native Javanese. Minke’s struggle was against himself and integration into, and identification with colonial civilization. Nyai’s struggle the brutalizing effects of Western civilization in her life. In the story the two struggles come together and both Minke and Nyai challenge the inhumanity of colonial justice. The introduction of modernity was having a profound effect in the Dutch East Indies at the time of Minke’s story. This modernity manifested itself through advanced learning, science, and technological advances. Minke considered his opportunity to experience modern learning and science a blessing whose beauty was beyond description. He was the only Native in the Dutch High School (H.B.S.) in Surabaya. Minke’s life was put on a path other than those of his fellow natives through this science and learning he had been taught at school. He knew that this made him different from his own people, the Javanese. Minke marveled at the wonders of science that he saw in his life all around him. He was particularly amazed at the development of printing, especially zincography. For the first time in history, someone like Minke could experience the rest of the world simply through looking at a photograph. On Java, trains had been introduced ten years before, but still his countrymen marveled. At the time of the story, a railroad networ...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Resource Development vs Conservation In Alaska Term Paper

Resource Development vs Conservation In Alaska - Term Paper Example Mining industry in Alaska is wide, which includes exploration, mine development, mineral development, and mineral production. Some of the notable minerals mined and produced in the state include zinc, lead, gold, silver, coal, as well as construction materials such as sand, gravel, and rock (Alaska Miners 1). A quick glance into the 2007 statistics of how mining industry contributed to the economy, it becomes clear that mining plays great role to economy of Alaska. For instance, during the period, about 3,500 direct mining jobs were created in Alaska, in addition to another 5,500 direct and indirect jobs (Alaska Miners 1). In terms of royalties generated from the mining activities, an estimated $340 million in direct and indirect payroll was realized. Out of this sum, $14 million went to the local government revenue through property taxes and payments of taxes; $175 million went to state government revenue, while another $170 million of payments went to Alaska Native Corporation (Ala ska Miners 1). In summary, what these figures indicate is that, mining industry is today one of the primary economic sources for the development and prosperity of Alaska. Nevertheless, in this midst, there have been concerns of mining activities to the social, economic, cultural, and environmental aspects of the communities in which mining takes place. This is particularly of great concern when mega-projects of mining are permitted to be carried in the state whereby, the costs associated with the project may outweigh its benefits. Alaska State’s issues are intricately connected to the natural resources, which for the last fifty years have dominated the economy and politics of the state (Kimura 191). At the same time, it has been observed that these debates are likely to continue into the future and the only likely changes that may be witnessed constitute resources that will fulcrum the future debates, the composition of coalitions that are established to promote and oppose re source development, and the complexity and touch of the issues at hand. Furthermore, debates on these issues are likely to be affected by critical elements of global market forces, conservation concerns, policy directives and judicial decisions, which in turn will affect the decisions associated with developing resources in the state. Chuitna Coal Mining Project in Cook Inlet A proposal has been made to the state of Alaska and the federal government of USA to permit PacRim LP Company to construct Chuitna Coal Project, which is a coal strip mine in Beluga Fields located near Chuitna River (Environmental Protection Agency 3). The project will involve surface mining and export development of coal resources in the Beluga Coal Field located in the